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Caused by a forceful impact to the head, traumatic brain injuries can occur as a tragic result of car accidents, sports accidents, slip and fall accidents, medical malpractice, product negligence, and physical abuse. No matter how a brain injury is caused, the injury is traumatic and life-altering for the victim and their family.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a name used for a range of injuries from internal bruising to torn nerve fibers, internal bleeding and brain tissue lacerations. Secondary health problems including amnesia, cognitive impairment, loss of speech, and/or loss of bodily function can result from TBIs. These secondary health problems can be just as impactful as the brain injury itself and can greatly alter how someone is able to function in normal day-to-day activities.

Talk to an attorney if you believe you have experienced a traumatic brain injury as a result of an accident or at the fault of someone else’s negligence. Schedule a free consultation by calling us at 858-551-2090. We can answer your questions at no cost and with no obligation. If you decide to file a claim, rest assured knowing that San Diego’s most respected brain injury attorneys are fighting for you. Car

If you have been injured and need help,Call us today: 858-551-2090.


Traumatic brain injuries can devastate not only the individual, but their family as well. Traumatic brain injuries can strip a victim of their independence and can influence everything from the ability to speak to the basic cognitive functions needed to walk or sit up.

Car accidents are the most common cause of traumatic brain injury due to the damage that can be inflicted by the impact of a collision. Other common causes of TBI include:

  • Motorcycle accidents

Similar to car accidents, motorcycle accidents can cause a TBI. Motorcycles leave cyclists vulnerable to the outside elements. While all motorcyclists should wear a helmet in order to prevent head injury, the high impact of an accident can still cause brain damage.

  • Bicycle accidents

Bicycle accidents that occur from a collision with another vehicle carry similar risks as motorcycle accidents. A cyclist can do little to protect themselves against injury when faced against a moving vehicle. Even if a rider is wearing protective gear, injuries can be sustained due to negligence if the rider is using faulty products, riding a bike with faulty parts, or riding on an unkempt road.

  • Slip and fall accidents

Unsafe or uneven surfaces can lead to injury. When a person slips and falls,  a head injury can occur if the head comes into contact with a step, curb, or concrete surface. The high impact of the head injury can cause swelling and bruising of the brain tissue, and inflammation that occurs upon impact can cause brain trauma.

  • Sports injuries

Contact sports are another common cause of TBI. The force of another body or an object coming into contact with the head can cause concussions and swelling that lead to traumatic brain injury. While children are particularly susceptible to this kind of injury occurring from a sport-related event, anyone who participates in contact sports faces this risk.

  • Medical malpractice

Upon conferment of their degree, most physicians take an oath to ‘do no harm.’ Despite this, carelessness while performing medical procedures or in prescribing treatment and offering advice can sometimes lead to catastrophic injury such as TBI.

  • Physical assault or abuse.

Because of poor treatment that might occur within care facilities, TBI due to abuse if most commonly seen in the elderly. If you believe that a loved one has suffered a TBI due to elderly abuse, contact our lawyers who specialize in cases of physical assault and abuse against the elderly. We will fight to bring justice to you and your family.



    Concussions occur due to a physical blow to the head. Car accidents are often times responsible for concussions, but they can also be caused by accidents incurred from sports, slip and fall events, and abuse. Multiple concussions can lead to serious, irreversible health consequences.


    A contusion is a bruise on the brain, and can often lead to complications such as brain hemorrhaging, hematoma, or edema. If you have experienced trauma to the head, there is a chance that you may have contusion that is not easily detected. If you have experienced head trauma, it is important to get medical attention as soon as possible.


    Edema, or swelling, of the brain is dangerous because of the tight space in which the brain is confined. Brain swelling builds pressure within the skull and can damage surrounding tissues. Swelling can cause a lifetime of irreparable damage and suffering.

    Diffuse axonal injury

    A diffuse axonal injury generally refers to damage to the brain cells. A diffuse axonal injury does not cause bleeding but it does result in the loss of function, nonetheless. A diffuse axonal injury can lead to permanent disability or even death, which is why it is considered to be a very serious form of TBI.


    A hemorrhage is uncontrolled bleeding. When if comes to uncontrolled bleeding in the brain, there are two areas that this can occur. When hemorrhage occurs within the fluid space of the brain it is called subarachnoid hemorrhage. Intracerebral hemorrhage is the name given for hemorrhage that occurs within the brain tissue.


    When blood clots outside of the brain’s blood vessel it is referred to as a hematoma. Hematomas can cause a buildup of pressure that can lead to permanent brain damage and immeasurable changes in life expectancy.

    Skull fracture

    Bone within the skull does not contain marrow so it is very dense and very hard. It requires a very severe impact to break the bone of this high density and cause a skull fracture.

    Brain laceration

    Tears or cuts in the brain tissue are called brain lacerations. These can be caused by either impalement or trauma.


    There are many different symptoms associated with a traumatic brain injury. It is important to seek medical care for your TBI. If you feel any symptoms, contact your doctor.

    The most common head injury symptoms include:

    • Headaches and neck pain

    While a headache may seem normal after an accident, headaches can indicate a more serious injury. Neck pain can be related to a brain injury, or it may be the result of whiplash. Persistent headaches are one of the first indicators that a TBI may have occurred.

    • Lightheaded and dizzy

    The brain controls your nervous system. When you have experienced a brain injury, it can effect your nervous system and cause loss of balance and dizziness.

    • Clouded thinking

    Confusion, loss of concentration and brain fog can all be signs that a brain injury has occurred. If you have any of these symptoms, it is important to get help as soon as possible.

    • Slow response rates

    When the brain has been compromised, the ability to think, speak or react may be inhibited.

    • Sleepiness and/or nausea

    Commonly seen in concussions, sleepiness or nausea may be an indicator of brain injury.

    • Impaired senses

    If you can’t see, taste or smell, you may have damaged parts of your brain in charge of these functions.

    • Ringing in the ears

    A constant, high-pitch sound in the ears (tinnitus) might mean you have experienced a brain injury.

    • Psychological changes

    Changes in personality can indicate a brain injury. Feeling sad, angry or having trouble sleeping without reason can also indicate that your brain has experienced unwanted changes. While there are many emotional side-effects of being involved in an accident, you should keep a watchful eye on personality changes that seem out of the ordinary.


      There are many lifelong challenges that occur as a result of a brain injury. Often times, a complete recovery will never be possible. Whether it’s self-care, going back to work, or taking care of a family, individuals experiencing a TBI may have to go through years of physical or occupational therapy to restore these skills. Even then, some TBIs are permanent and irreversible and no skills may be regained.

      Some of the most common challenges faced by brain injury victims after an accident include:

      • Physical impairments requiring aids, motorized scooters, or a wheelchair
      • Communication problems like trouble listening or speaking
      • Emotional and behavioral issues
      • Cognitive disabilities that impede attention, functioning, and memory
      • Seizures and related spasticity issues


      Our San Diego lawyers are nationally-recognized as the legal experts in traumatic brain injury. Our skilled group of attorneys have seen all sorts of accident victims and have helped these victims seek compensation for their injuries. Our lawyers have helped people just like you get the maximum compensation after filing a claim. We can help you, too.

      Call us now to secure your legal rights right away. If you have been injured in an accident and are now experiencing a traumatic brain injury, we can help you get your life back on track.

      Our experienced San Diego brain injury attorneys can answer your questions without any out-of-pocket costs to you. Call us 24/7 at 858-551-2090. We handle all cases on a contingency fee basis, which means that you do not pay anything until we recover money on your behalf.

      Petra Heim-Rollan

      Michael Pines and his team have kept their promise.

      Mr. Pines asked me whether I was in the same shape as before my accident – this I had to deny. My back was still hurting and he stated that, if I would accept his services, he would ensure that I would get the therapy I needed […] and that all bills would be paid and my health restored. Michael Pines and his team have kept this promise.

      Herminio Salamante

      I cannot say enough good things about my experience

      My friend recommended Michael Pines to me and I was super happy. They took very good care of me, treated me very nice, and I got a very nice check. I had a lot of back pain and the doctor they referred me to helped me so much! I didn’t have to pay anything when I was getting treatment. I was so happy, that I’ve referred another friend to Michael pines.

      Veronica Montes

      Gracias Michael Pines y a todo su staff por su ayuda

      En las oficinas del abogado Michael Pines recibi la ayuda que mas necesitaba cuando sufri mi accidente de automovil, todo el personal me ayudo con mucha pasiencia y respondio a todas mis dudas. Resolvieron mi caso muy rapido, me ayudaron con mi doctor y ahora puedo seguir con mi tranquilida. Gracias Michael Pines y a todo su staff por su ayuda.

      Jacqui Murray

      They truly put my interest first and were very sincere.

      As soon as I met Mr. Pines my nerves immediately went away. He looked at my case and assured me that everything will be ok. I was sent to the best doctors who truly had my best interest in mind. All of the Attorneys and staff made my recovery stress free by not having to worry about paying for my treatment upfront.They were always there to answer my questions.

      Vivian Finch

      Michael worked non-stop, nothing deterred him

      After falling on a cruise ship and being emergency evacuated to a hospital in Mexico, I was scared and needed help, especially because I am 89 years old. Michael worked non-stop, through the weekend, communicating internationally with stubborn insurance personnel who tried to put up roadblocks every step of the way.

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      Call us for your FREE Consultation 24/7: 858-551-2090 (Hablamos Español!)

      If you or a family member has been injured, call the lawyers at Pines Salomon, APC. There’s never been a better time than right now to call and speak to an attorney—FREE of charge. You have questions, now get the answers — call us today at 858-551-2090. (Hablamos Español!)